Dating methodologies in archaeology
No wonder, then, that so much effort has been devoted to developing increasingly sophisticated and precise methods for determining when events happened in the past.In archaeology, dating techniques fall into two broad categories: chronometric (sometimes called “absolute”) and relative.Every single grain of sand was picked up with a pair of pincers and documented with laser measurements.
Most of things that we know about everyday life in ancient times has been determined by looking at scenes depicted on vases, examining tools, remains and artifacts left at archaeological sites and drawing clues from literary and historical texts.
This exercise is designed to introduce you to basic techniques used in determining the age of archaeological materials and sites.
There are two general categories of methods for dating in archaeology.
They dig into the earth---a process known as excavating’searching for artifacts (objects) from an ancient people and try to date and figure the significance of these artifacts.
Context is critical to understanding the significance of artifacts.
The age of an individual died can be determined by looking at the knitting of the suture on the cranium, which closes as people age, and by noting how worn the teeth are.